Facts About Louisiana

Flag of the State of Louisiana
Louisiana State flag

Louisiana: The Name

An early French explorer, Robert de LaSalle, named Louisiana for Louis XIV, King of France.

State Bird

The state bird is the Brown Pelican, and the state flower of Louisiana, the Magnolia.

State Flag of Louisiana

The official flag of Louisiana has a solid blue background with the coat-of-arms of the state, the pelican feeding its young, in white in the center, with a ribbon beneath, also in white, containing in blue the motto of the state, "Union, Justice and Confidence".

Parishes ... Not Counties

Louisiana does not have "counties", but instead has 64 "parishes". It is bordered by Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.


Louisiana Governor's Mansion in Baton Rouge Details about Swamp People including map of locations where the filming is done
Louisiana Governor's Mansion in Baton Rouge

The executive branch is headed by an elected governor, currently Jon Bel Edwards, and the Louisiana Legislature consists of the House of Representatives (105 members) and Senate (39 members).


Louisiana covers an area of 51,855 square miles. The highest point in the state is Driskill Mountain with an elevation of 535 feet above sea level.

It is 31st among the states in size, and the 25th most populous.


Its population in 2016 was 4,682,000 residents. The most populous parish is East Baton Rouge parish.

Largest Cities

The Louisiana capitol is in Baton Rouge, and the largest city is New Orleans. Other large cities include Shreveport, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Monroe, Alexandria, Bossier City, Houma and Kenner.


Louisiana amphibian - the green tree frog

State crustacean - crawfish

Live Louisiana Crawfish, ready to be purged ... let the boil begin!

State mammal - Louisiana black bear

State freshwater fish - white perch (also known as sac-au-lait and white crappie)

State dog - Catahoula Leopard Dog

Official tree - bald cypress

The beauty of a Louisiana cypress swamp

State insect - honey bee

State wildflower - Louisiana Iris

State reptile - alligator

Alligator in a Louisiana swamp

Louisiana State Capitol in Baton Rouge

The "New" Louisiana State Capitol was completed in March, 1932, in a mere 14 months and stands on a 27-acre tract.

As the tallest state capitol in the United States, the building is 450 feet high with 34 floors.

Twenty-five hundred rail cars were needed to bring in the limestone used on the exterior and the interior marbles which came from distant places, including Vermont and Italy. The cost to complete the building was a modest $5 million.

The towering Louisiana State Capitol Building in Baton Rouge


The "Old" State Capitol on North Boulevard at the Mississippi River, downtown Baton Rouge, Louisiana (Staff Photo)

The "Old" State Capitol on North Boulevard at the Mississippi River, downtown Baton Rouge, Louisiana

read more about the Capitol, and view photographs, on Louisiana-Destinations

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